Housebreaking | Sit
& Stay | Crate training | Jumping
Just like a child, your puppy can develop
either positive or negative behavior. All of the development,
training and nurturing given to your puppy are essential to
giving him the kind of life you want him or her to have.
Train according to his or her pace. Don't
try to push a puppy beyond what he or she is ready for. All
puppies respond best to patience and single word commands
instead of shouting or spanking. With lots of understanding
and proper training, every puppy and its owner should be able
to form a close bond of companionship that will only grow
over the years.
Before your new puppy enters your house, introduce
him to the specific area of the yard you want him to associate
with bathroom breaks.
While he's training, take your new puppy outside
about every two hours as well as upon waking, after playing
and feeding and before going to bed. Also, be alert to signals
like sniffing and circling that may indicate he has to go.
When you cant be home, crate your puppy.
He will respect his space and will avoid soiling it. If you
purchase a crate large enough to accommodate his adult size,
you can partition off part of the crate so he wont go
in a corner of it.
Accidents will happen. Remember that shouting,
scolding and punishment serve no purpose and will only confuse
your puppy. Even if you catch him in mid-act, simply say No!
and immediately take him outside.
A new puppy needs lots of positive reinforcement
during housebreaking. Praise your puppy each time he goes
outside in his assigned spot. Speak in an upbeat voice, smile
and reward him with treats after he does his business.
Please Remember they are still BABIES!!
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Your Dog to Sit and Stay
Choose an identifiable landmark and have your
dog sit down at that particular spot. It is important to remember
where your dog is sitting and the direction in which he is
facing. When teaching your dog to stay, it is very important
to be able to return him or her back to the exact spot and
direction to begin all over again. If you give in a little
bit on the location of where he or she sits back down, the
dog is likely to push limits and locations over and over again.
The original spot will already be marked with his or her scent,
so they will know they are returning to the exact location.
When you have your dog sit, hold the leash
vertically above his head. Keep the leash tight, but allow
just a little slack. Standing up straight, simply say stay
(do not say the dogs name or any other words). Be sure
to make eye contact with your dog. Step in front of him or
her while maintaining eye contact. Continue holding the leash
over his head. If he tries to move, say No and
give the leash a gentle tug. After just a few seconds, you
can slowly return to his side the same way you originally
moved. Be sure to praise!
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Some dog lovers look at putting their pets
in crates as a form of punishment or denial of freedom. On
the other hand, many feel that it's a place where your dog
can feel safe, as well as have his own personal space.
Crate training can be a safe haven for your
dog in any kind of emergency. The same is true for car travel.
Each year hundreds if not thousands of dogs get loose during
car accidents. A strong crate can improve the chances that
he'll survive and won't become lost.
When you choose a crate make sure it's the
right size for your dog. The dog should be able to stand,
turn around, stretch, and have some movement. Your vet or
person at the pet supply store can help you figure out the
The main idea is for your puppy to love the
crate, so you need to introduce him to it as a happy place.
Let your puppy explore it on his own. Put some nice soft bedding
inside, but don't make it too absorbent. You don't want him
to think of it as a great place for a bathroom. Put some of
his favorite toys inside, especially the ones he likes to
chew on. Just make sure that they're safe for him to be alone
Next, put his food just inside so that he
has to stick his head in to eat. In the beginning just let
him wander in and out when he feels like it. The goal is to
not force him, or he might think of it as scary or intimidating.
As he adjusts to the idea and starts going
inside on his own, reinforce the behavior with a treat and
use the command you'll be associating with going to the crate.
For instance 'bed' or 'kennel'. Pick a short word or phrase
and be consistent about using it so he won't get confused.
Give the command in a friendly and somewhat excited voice
so that he associates going into his crate with praise.
As soon as he acts comfortable in his crate,
close the door for short periods of time. Continue with the
treats and the command word. Never use the crate as punishment
or he will quickly learn to hate it.
If he ever does have an 'accident', dont
make a big deal out of it. Take all the bedding out and wash
it. Thoroughly clean the inside of the crate to eliminate
the smell. Unless an adult dog is in there for too many hours,
he or she wont want to soil the space. If you have a
puppy, the older they get, the longer they can hold their
bladders and bowels.
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on family members or visitors
Your dog believes that by jumping on you
or your friends he is showing you how much you are loved.
But if you believe a visitor to your home will be bothered
by your dog's well-meaning attention, a good option is to
place your dog on a leash before people enter your home. Say
"off" as the visitors approach. If your dog jumps, gently
jerk him or her back. Repeat until the dog is obeying and
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A little bit of barking isn't something you
can control and is quite natural, but excessive barking is
a habit that can be dealt with. Simply say (not shout) "quiet".
If he or she continues to bark, hold your dog gently but firmly
by the scruff of its neck with both hands, look into his eyes,
and say "quiet" in a firm but not threatening way. As with
all training, repetition is the key.
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